[16] The summit has a 300-metre (980 ft) diameter crater, containing fumaroles and sometimes a crater lake. The park and preserve encompass 4,093,077 acres (6,395.43 sq mi; 16,564.09 km2), which is between the sizes of Connecticut and New Jersey. United States; AK; Lake and Peninsula Borough; Katmai Bay; 5-Day. The composite structure has four vents, the highest at 7,103 feet (2,165 m) and three subsidiary vent cones. [18] Mageik stands on the same sedimentary rocks as Martin. The park has been extensively altered by glaciation, both in the high lands where the mountains have been sculpted by glaciers, and in the lowlands where lakes have been excavated. The road is not connected to the Alaska road system. Fall is somewhat drier than the rest of the year, and warm days can occur year-round. The closest significant town to the park is King Salmon, where the park's headquarters is located, about 5 miles (8.0 km) down the Naknek Riverfrom the park entrance. A small crater hold a lake and fumaroles on the highest cone's flank. Katmai Village was the only location within the park where Europeans lived through the mid-19th century, though their numbers were always few. At about the same time the Park Service became concerned about illegal trapping in the monument, asking the Alaska Fish and Game Commission to send wardens to patrol the area. Work resumed in 1990, with smaller efforts in 1991 to catch the last oil. Inland, Brooks Camp is a significant archaeological site dating to about 4500 BP, listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in 1977 and designated a National Historic Landmark in 1993. [39] The park supports 29 mammal species, 137 bird species, 24 freshwater fish species and four anadromous fish species. By early April, oil had reached Kenai Fjords National Park. By the mid-1950s the Park Service embarked on its Mission 66 program to expand visitor services. The most commonly hunted species in the preserve includes the brown bear, which has led to some problems about bear hunting due to small preserve population sizes and stalking bears to close limits. Other volcanoes that have erupted in recent times in geological terms, but not in historical times, are Mount Douglas, Mount Griggs, Snowy Mountain, Mount Denison, Mount Kukak, Devils Desk, Mount Kaguyak, Mount Cerberus, Falling Mountain and Mount Kejulik. No National Park Service staff were assigned to the site, which was in theory administered by Mount McKinley. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, the Plant Hardiness zone at Brooks Falls at 92 ft (28 m) elevation is 3b with an average annual extreme minimum temperature of -30.9 °F (-34.9 °C). [7] Katmai is a stratovolcano, 6,716 feet (2,047 m) in height, with a large summit caldera. Kachemak Bay State Park: ... You can only access Lake Clark National Park and Katmai National Park in Alaska by aircraft, which makes things a little difficult if you don’t own a plane. Griggs' follow-up expedition in 1916 discovered and named the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes and found Novarupta. The Park Service proposed 33,000,000 acres (13,000,000 ha) of new park lands, among them a 1,218,490-acre (493,110 ha) expansion of Katmai. The park is located on the Alaska Peninsula, across from Kodiak Island, with headquarters in nearby King Salmon, about 290 miles (470 km) southwest of Anchorage. 418,548 acres (169,380 ha) are preserve lands, where both sport and subsistence hunting are permitted. In 1971 Katmai finally gained a full-time, on-site park superintendent. 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