Musharraf govt was never serious about creating good governance but more about having federal control at district level. Age to Become a District Magistrate (DM) There is a different age limit for each category to become a District Judge. For SC / ST category from 21 years to 35 years, with five years of relaxation. Period. If you have gun as police officer, you can not open without the permission of an authority who has no gun and only cool mind i.e. We agree to reform to get donor funding, but by heart we are always power obsessed. 5. 70% of the crime against person registered by police has its roots in the failings/abuse of the revenue authorities. Abdul Nasir Gill ... Respondents ... of the Constitution. 4. It is not that devolution govts had failed. The Judiciary of Pakistan is a hierarchical system with two classes of courts: the superior judiciary and the subordinate judiciary. Yes we are following British system of parliamentary democracy but why can't we reform our bureaucracy on modern lines as Britain has done? Under the terms of this judgement, the Govern… The main Criminal Courts in Pakistan are: 1. You elect your Mayor and all administrative agencies work under him, but not judiciary/magistrates. The writ of government continues to be in free fall, despite the recommendations of numerous commissions to secure it. Many judges who were appointed were relatives of other Judges or Government officials. Just invest little period to entry this on-line pronouncement how to become a American singer Cher arrived in Pakistan to send off Kaavan, the elephant she has spent years trying to free, before he is moved to a sanctuary in Cambodia on Sunday. The superintendent of police (SP), inspector general of jails, the surgeon general, the divisional forest officer (DFO) and the chief engineer (CE) had to inform the collector of every activity in their departments. A brief history of Pakistan provides numerous examples of times when the judiciary played second fiddle to the forces that governed the state at the time. It is an MNA-MPA/District administration collusion fro corruption and distortion of development priorities to serve themselves. But with the introduction of open competitive examinations for the British Indian Civil Service, the office was opened to natives. First deserve then desire. He belongs to the commission of Pakistan Administrative Service (PAS). If DM was the solution AJK, GB and ICT should have been very peaceful. "[3][4][5], The office of a collector during the British rule in Indian subcontinent held multiple responsibilities – as collector, he was the head of the revenue organization, charged with registration, alteration, and partition of holdings; the settlement of disputes; the management of indebted estates; loans to agriculturists, and famine relief. In Chiniot district, 19 magistrates visited 955 markets, checked 7,632 shops and imposed fines of Rs808,600. [3][4][5], The district continued to be the unit of administration after Indian Partition and independence of Pakistan in 1947. 2. (2) You can't plant a government functionary,say from Karachi, in a small town like Kohat without taking the views of the locals on-board.However for this to happen, the state itself has to first get over an inherent distrust of its own citizens. In 2007, the government of Pakistan established District Consumer Court in 11 districts for providing the justice to the consumers. High Court. In Pakistan, these responsibilities were remain changing with the passage of time. This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 16:30. District collectors were members of the British Indian Civil Service and were charged with supervising general administration in the district. It was that the powers of the bureaucracy had eroded. Here in follow the duties of deputy commissioner are given: "The Punjab Civil Administration Act 2017", "Deputy commissioners to replace DCOs in Punjab - Pakistan - Dunya News", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Deputy_Commissioner_(Pakistan)&oldid=1000106731, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, He is responsible to supervise and monitor the discharge of duties by the. I will not comment on DC' role as a District Collector of Revenues. They are the same “those with the highest merit who joined the PAS"... and look what have they done to these state institutions. He is responsible to supervise and coordinate the implementation of the. After Musharraf’s departure, all provincial governments around 2008, based on their experience since 2001, unanimously resolved to bring back an empowered DC with powers of the DM. While most dictators have used local bodies to claim legitimacy, Musharraf went a step further and tinkered with the functions of the state and abolished the office of district magistrate. Their presence is no argument for the slavish entanglement of people through the "angelic" DMs. one good thing of old British Rule was dichotomy of powers. 3. A secretary sitting in Lahore and controlling Rahim Yar Khan District through DC is a much pleasing thought than a DC working under a locally elected District Nazim. These were less serious than murder, rape and dacoity, addressed by the judiciary, but still offences affecting routine life in the vast majority villages and towns. The District Magistrate, Jhang. The article justifies the restoration of institution of DM for establishing writ of the govt particularly law and order. This system bred many allegations of favoritism. Finally, it is not “the police lobby that by the nature of their work have clout with the powers that be” but the PAS who has obstructed the POLICE ORDER 2000 due to their clout with the powers that be. In Pakistan: Justice. Balochistan brought back the DM but the decision was reversed, because it involved amending the CrPc, the power of which is only with the federal government. Why is an empowered DC/DM so crucial for restoring the writ of government? District administration in Pakistan is a legacy of the British Raj. (1)These rules shall be called the Pakistan Citizenship Rules, 1952. Maulana Manzoor Ahmed Chinioti. One must learn from the mistakes, improve on the last mistakes and make local govt better in governance;i.e. Deputy Commissioner (DC) for a larger district Initially, the role of the district collector remained largely unchanged, except for the separation of most judicial powers to judicial officers of the district. Polices are chalked out at federal and provincial levels but are implemented at district and sub divisional/tehsil levels. They performed their duties under the supervision of a divisional commissioner. They have local councils that run the city etc. This concentration of conflicting powers in the same person is not found anywhere in the modern democratic world. Deputy Commissioner (popularly abbreviated as "DC") or District Magistrate is a chief administrative, revenue officer and representative of government in district or an administrative sub-unit of a division. District Magistrate among 6 suspended over ''negligence'' in cow protection in UP. The District management system of Pakistan, indeed South Asia, is a colonial legacy. The missing link here is Monitoring & Evaluation on scientific basis. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Sindh have restored the DC, but in name only. It is near Pakistan, with the Wagah Border being only 28 km (17.4 mi) away. @Dr Jamal Please don't praise the colonial rulers. Being the district head, the main responsibility of the DM/DC was law and order, for which he had magisterial powers, and, as per the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC), the station house officer had to depend on the DM for various permissions in the discharge of his duties. The city is situated 217 km (135 mi) northwest of state capital Chandigarh. A mster piece it is which defines the true pinpointing of the problem of bad governance. The judiciary consists of the Supreme Court, the provincial high courts, and (under their jurisdiction and supervision) district courts that hear civil cases and sessions courts that hear criminal cases. magistrate. In Railway if you are Driver having accelerator to run the train, you can not move the train without green flag from Guard having no accelerator but break. The Judicial Commission of Pakistan (informally JCP) is a commission for the appointment of Supreme Court and High Court Judges in Pakistan. If governance is to be rescued from its nosedive, the government and service groups will have to rise above petty rivalries, and take firm decisions to restore the writ of the state for the sake of a safer Pakistan. There is no DM/DC system in England or any developed country now. We miss one thing here, why there was need to reform institutional setup, why we always need Danda to govern, rather than to convince and share power. It was conveniently forgotten that this separation had been completed in 1996, and formalised by the Supreme Court through its judgements (eg Al Jihad Trust). But during the Presidency of Pervaz Musharraf, the office of deputy commissioner was replaced with District Coordination Officer (DCO). Bonded Labour System (Abolition)Act, 1992 - PAKISTAN LAWYER Ironically DC/DM culture works for sitting govt. Local governments have been deliberately undermined and not given 10% of the powers/resources that bureaucrats have had to set things right. 2- the role of PAS in FATA / PATA and B areas of Baluchistan where they had unity of command and no police rivalry is no glorious at all. With police out of local govt control and no judicial magistrates at local level or courts, the system was bound to fail. 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Why elected local government in charge of local services were a bad idea and led to sudden deterioration in the state's writ? DM was the representative of state writ at ground level.Musharraf tinkered with the system and we are still facing the music.Bring back Executive magistracy and most of the governance woes at lower tiers shall be solved.Politicians and police in their hunger for power and fear of check and balance have opposed Executive magistracy to the detriment of the state and society. AC/DC system has no place in modern democratic country. Pakistan: District magistrate allows Muslim man to keep Hindu girl as wife, girl’s parents say she was kidnapped and forcefully converted to Islam The girl's parents have alleged that the man kidnapped their daughter, forcibly converted her to Islam against her … As district magistrate, he exercised general supervision over the inferior courts and in particular, directed the police work. This will be a retrogressive step as state and ground realities have changed enormously and bringing in old system can't cope with the challenges of modern era. The miserable condition of revenue department speaks volumes of efficiency of DC in the district. It is also fact that in those days people were not familiar with gun and money culture and population was mostly illiterate confined in rural areas. He was District Magistrate for trial of certain offences and grant bails /acquittals liberally to the same accused against his police functions. For most postings, there is no competition amongst groups, as the PAS serves in the federal/provincial secretariat, while the PSP normally serves within the force. These Highest Merit Winners have destroyed social sector especially Health, Education, Water & Sanitation. Now a days more people moving to urban areas, more familiar with tricks of "trade" and well connected.This need more creative new method based upon digital technolgy. For a moment forget the issue of law and order and have a larger view of governance. The system was abolished: In the absence of elected local bodies THEY become Administrators and serve their political masters. He was NOT the sole Commander of a district but the head of the criminal administration. We do not need the colonial imposed DM system. The writer has wrongly placed the onus of Separation of judiciary from Executive (which DMG reluctantly implemented after 14 years); that of Musharaf' Devolution Plan and recent developments in all the provinces on Police Lobby/Group rivalry and pressure of opponents. 1-the PAS miserably failed in revamping the revenue system, despite having full command over Patwari they could not lessen the agony of the citizens. He is responsible for efficient use of public resources for the integrated development and effective service delivery. Everything they did in the subcontinent was for England, and not the local people here. District magistrate Islamabad Muhammad Hamza Shafqaat Tuesday imposed ban on Sheesha selling and its usage for two months under section 144 Cr Pc with immediate affect. So far, they have failed because of the government’s other priorities and the police lobby that by the nature of their work have clout with the powers that be. If at all executive magistracy is absolutely essential the government can request the Judiciary to create a platform to cater for such functions of the state where time is the essence in consultation/collaboration with other LEAs. Reverting back to old system would also be a mistake. The responsibilities of deputy commissioner are vary from province to province. This brief ... justice is delivered at the same abysmal rate. We need a depoliticized police with an external oversight by civil society. Musharraf’s regime scrapped the office of District Magistrate to give the judiciary more independence. We are already crying for more provinces/smaller administrative units. The notification issued on April 9, clearly states the services relating to laundries and dry cleaners can open their shops to provide their services. Part 2. At local level more developmental works have been seen during devolution Govts than the DC/DM eras. In USA & UK all power rests with local government .Even police is subordinate to Mayor/District Manager .Plus PAS cadre not need to allege Judicial cadre .Uptill now PAS is successful to get all its powers previously allocated to local govt elected representatives.Writ of government can only be established by involving people by decentralisation ,devolution , & disbursement of resources .My strong discourse in this regard is in all insurgent areas after establishing writ of government ,authorities did utmost efforts to involve people in admin affairs . Reviving the DM would be against the Constitution. The plea formally taken to abolish the DM post was that of the constitutional requirement of separation of the judiciary and executive. Why a professional police cannot administer the 'expedited' justice and through it the writ of the state? It was designed post-1857 "mutiny" to suppress the masses and to lord over them. The scheme that takes the cake was Musharraf’s devolution plan. A judicial magistrate on Wednesday invoked offence of rape against the main suspect in a case pertaining to the alleged underage marriage of Arzoo. India has approximately 718 districts. The role of executive, district magistrate The sprout of good governance hinges on a pedestal supported by the district administration. A magistrate is a civil servant who manages the law in a particular area, i.e. There was no milk and honey flowing in Pakistan till 1999 when Musharraf allegedly tinkered with the system. The court of Additional District Judge; The court of Civil Court; Criminal Courts: The Criminal procedure in Pakistan is laid down in the Code of Criminal Procedure 1868, whereas the substantive law about definition about a crime and its punishment is found in Pakistan Penal Code 1860. [2], Warren Hastings introduced the office of the district collector in 1772. The Chief Justice of Pakistan is the Chairman of JCP.. On 20 April 2010, 18th Constitutional Amendment was passed in the Parliament of Pakistan. In the UK, when a party is elected to office after being in the opposition, its leader takes over as prime minister seamlessly. The jurisdiction of these courts in Pakistan is explained in civil as well as criminal procedure code. `` peculiar purpose '' of collecting revenue and of keeping the peace led sudden., over speeding and fraud a larger view of governance good standing the... The jurisdiction of these courts in Pakistan is a colonial legacy, but in name only ’. 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